piwik-script

Deutsch
    Center for Computational and Theoretical Biology

    Emilie Isasa

    PhD student

    Address:

    Botanik II - Ecophysiology and Plant Ecology

    Julius-von-Sachs-Platz 3, 97082 Würzburg

    Tel: +49 931 31-80845

    eMail:  emilie.isasa@uni-wuerzburg.de

    Research

    Project: Drought-stress resistance of native and non-native broadleaved tree species

    I´m working in a joint project between Ecosystem Modeling (CCTB) and the Department of Ecophysiology and Plant Ecology. In the scope of climate warming and the increase in frequency and intensity of severe heat waves in Central Europe, identification of temperate tree species that are suited to cope with these environmental changes is gaining increasing importance. Although several tree physiological attributes are related to drought-stress resistance and survival after severe heat, recent studies highlight the importance of plant hydraulic traits for predicting drought-induced tree mortality and their potential to forecast species’ distribution in a changing climate. However, most plant hydraulic traits are labour-intense and prone to measurement artefacts, hindering the compilation of large global datasets and their integration into predictive models. To fill this gap, a set of plant functional traits related to drought survival will be measured for 50 native and non-native temperate broad-leaved tree species, including structural, hydraulic, anatomical, and foliar traits. These tree species are part of the initiative ‘Stadtgrün 2021’ by the Bavarian State Institute for Viticulture and Horticulture (LWG). We will characterise the drought-stress resistance of the species sample and search for trade-offs between vascular, hydraulic and foliar traits. I will further calibrate mechanistic models with these functional traits to predict structural characeristics as well as the growth and performance of trees under scenarios of future climate. The mechanistic models will be also used to reconstruct evolutionary pathways to identify what traits or trait syndromes jointly co-evolved due to changing environmental conditions.

    The project has 3 main objectives:

    1. Compiling Compile a set of plant functional hydraulic traits for a high number of native and non-native temperate broad-leaved tree species. Classify the drought-stress resistance of the species sample and search for trade-offs between vascular, hydraulic and foliar traits.
    2. Assessing whether currentCalibrate structurally-realistic mechanistic models can be calibrated with easily accessible plant functional traits that are suited to predict the hydraulic trait of interest. Applying the calibrated model to increased temperature and drought to assess tree performance under environmental change.
    3. Quantify phylogenetic signals in traits by comparing molecular phylogenetic trees with evolutionary pathways for trait syndrome evolution across species based on parameterization pathways of the mechanistic model.

     

    Curriculum Vitae

    2019 - now PhD student Ecophysiology and Plant Ecology Department & Ecosystem Modeling, CCTB, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany
    2017 - 2018 Second Year Master in Ecology Ecology of the tropical forests (French Guyana)
    2016 - 2017 First Year Master in Ecology Ecology of populations (Poitiers)
    2015 - 2016 Third year Bachelor in Biology of Organisms University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France
    2013 - 2015 Bachelor in Biology (1st-2nd Years) University of Pau, Pau, France
             

    Publications