Juliano Sarmento Cabral
Prof. Dr., group leader
Ecosystem Modeling, CCTB
University of Würzburg
Emil-Fischer-Str. 32, 97074 Würzburg
Tel: 0931 - 31 82667
My research interests are very broad: niche ecology, metabolic theory, population and community dynamics, landscape ecology, tropical biology, macroecology, macroevolution, biogeography and conservation. I am particularly interested in synthesizing all these fields through the investigation of biodiversity dynamics across scales and ecological levels, from populations and species ranges to biogeographical scale dynamics of plant species (Cabral & Schurr 2010; Cabral & Kreft 2012; Cabral et al. 2015) and communities (e.g. Cabral & Kreft 2012; Petter et al. 2015; Cabral et al. 2017; Leidinger & Cabral 2017; Cabral et al. 2019a, b; Pontarp et al. 2019). In my research, I have investigated not only current local population and metapopulation dynamics (Cabral & Schurr 2010), but also the impact of land use and climate change (Sarmento Cabral et al. 2013; Figueiredo et al. 2019) and of exploitation (Cabral et al. 2011) at the landscape and regional scales. Moreover, I have an interdisciplinary research profile, working with plant genetics and chromosome evolution (e.g. Cabral et al. 2006; Koehler et al. 2008; de Oliveira et al. 2015; Moraes et al. 2017), macroecology (e.g. Cabral et al. 2014; Weigelt et al. 2016; Keil et al. 2017) and trait-based community analyses (Petter et al. 2015). My field experiences entail hitherto tropical forests in Brazil and Panama (Cabral et al. 2015; Petter et al. 2016) as well as Mediterranean-like vegetation in South Africa (e.g. Cabral & Schurr 2010), sky island systems in Kenya and tropical remnants in South China.
|2016||-||now||Professor for Ecosystem Modeling (W1 non-tenure track, still looking for a tenure-track or tenured position)||Center for Computational and Theoretical Biology (CCTB), Faculty of Biology, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany|
|2015||-||2016||Postdoc Researcher||Synthesis Center (sDiv) of the German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Leipzig, Germany|
|2012||Visiting Scientist||Smithsonian Tropical Research Insitute, Panama City, Panama|
|20010||-||2015||Postdoc Researcher||Department of Biodiversity, Biogeography and Conservation, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany|
|2008||Visiting Scientist||South African National Biodiversity Institute, Cape Town, South Africa|
|2007||Visiting Scientist||South African National Biodiversity Institute, Cape Town, South Africa|
|2006||-||2010||PhD (in Ecology)||Department of Plant Ecology and Nature Conservation, University of Potsdam, Potsdam, Germany|
|2003||-||2004||Undergraduate Exchange Semester||Iowa State University, Ames, USA|
|2001||-||2005||Bachelor in Biological Sciences||Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil|
Reviewer for journals:
Annals of Botany
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Basic and Applied Ecology
Biodiversity and Conservation
BMC Evolutionary Biology
Diversity and Distributions
Ecology and Evolution
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
Global Ecology and Biogeography
Journal of Applied Ecology
Journal of Biogeography
Journal of Ecology
Methods in Ecology and Evolution
Nordic Journal of Botany
The American Naturalist
Reviewer for academic funding agencies:
Funding of research proposals at: Natural Environment Research Council Centre for Ecology and Hydrology (NERC – RCUK, UK), Austrian Science Fund (FWF - Austria), Leverhulme Trust (UK), Swiss National Science Foundation (Switzerland)
Working group proposals at: sDiv (Leipzig-Halle-Jena)
PhD project proposals at: Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes, National Science Council (Poland)
Associate editor at Diversity and Distributions (since 2019)
Major grant proposals and fellowships:
Biodiversity tipping points under climate and land-use change (Subproject 2). Support for personnel (2 PhD students and 1 postdoc) for developing process-based models with freshwater and terrestrial biodiversity for the State of Bavaria under Global Change scenarios and support for one summer school (ca. 400.000 €). Project written in German.
2017: DAAD Funding for International Summer School
Spatially-explicit modelling of ecological systems. Support for travel and accommodation expenses of international attendees as well as expendables (19.000 €). Project written in English.
2015-2016: sDiv Researcher’s own position
Drivers of plant diversity across spatiotemporal scales: integrating ecological, evolutionary and environmental processes. Position funding granted by the Synthesis Center (sDiv) of the German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), Leipzig, Germany, for 2 years (halted after 6 months due to the junior-professorship at University of Würzburg). Activities: Development of integrative multi-theoretical process-based models for biodiversity dynamics, with focus on island biogeography. Project written in English.
2010-2016: DFG Researcher’s own position (DFG SA-21331)
Modelling spatial dynamics of vascular epiphytes. It was based at the Department of Biodiversity, Macroecology and Biogeography (Prof. Dr. Holger Kreft), University of Göttingen, Germany (ca. 275.000 €). Activities: Spatiotemporal dynamics of vascular epiphytes (field work, data analysis and spatially-explicit 3D mechanistic modeling), PhD co-supervision. Project written in English.
2005-2009: DAAD full PhD Fellowship
Demographic processes determining the range dynamics of plant species, and their consequences for biodiversity maintenance in the face of environmental change. Fellowship from the German Exchange Service (DAAD), including intensive German course (6 months) at interDaF e.V. Language School of the Herder-Institut of the University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany, and PhD studies (3 years and a half) at University of Potsdam, Germany (under supervision of Prof. Dr. Florian Jeltsch and Prof. Dr. Frank Schurr). Project written in English.
2004: Exchange Semester
Fellowship from CAPES („Coordination for the improvement of Personal with Undergraduate Level“): exchange semester and research internship (Prof. Dr. Kirk Moloney's lab) at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA.
2002-2004: IC („Scientific Initiation“)
Citotaxonomy and Chromosomal evolution of Maxillariinae orchids. Fellowship from CNPq (National Council for Scientific and Technological Development): Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil. 2 years funding.
Honours and Awards:
2016: Finalist of the first E4 Award (Ecography Award for Excellence in Ecology and Evolution) for selected review papers (E4 special issue).
2011: MCED Award for Innovative Contributions to Ecological Modelling (based on my PhD thesis), sponsored by Springer and Modelling Complex Ecological Dynamics book editors.
2005: ‘Laureate’ student (highest final grade) of the graduating class in Biological Sciences of the Federal Rural University of Pernambuco.
2004: Dean’s List (All grades being A+) Spring Semester 2004, Iowa State University.
submitted [ to top ]
Temporal environmental variation imposes differential selection on both genomic and ecological traits. (submitted).
Niche evolution reveals disparate signatures of speciation in the ‘great speciator‘ (White-eyes, Aves: genus Zosterops). (submitted).
Modelling the effects of forest dynamics, selective logging and fragment size on structure and dynamics of epiphyte communities. (submitted).
Modeling the long-term dynamics of tropical forests: from leaf traits to whole-tree growth patterns. in Ecological Monographs (submitted).
Modeling how community assembly alters the functioning of ecosystems. (submitted).
accepted [ to top ]
The effect of species extinctions on island biogeographic patterns. in Ecological Research (accepted).
Mapping human pressures on biodiversity across the planet uncovers anthropogenic threat complexes. in People and Nature (accepted).
2019 [ to top ]
Understanding extinction debts: spatio-temporal scales, mechanisms and a roadmap for future research. in Ecography (2019). 42 1973-1990.
The latitudinal diversity gradient - novel understanding through mechanistic eco-evolutionary models. in Trends in Ecology & Evolution (2019). 34 211-223.
The dimensionality of stability depends on disturbance type. in Ecology Letters (2019). 22 674-684.
Species richness change across spatial scales. in Oikos (2019).
Macroecology in the age of big data – where to go from here? in Journal of Biogeography (2019).
Interactions between ecological, evolutionary, and environmental processes unveil complex dynamics of insular plant diversity. in Journal of Biogeography (2019).
Integrating stochasticity into community ecology. in Ecology (2019).
Disentangling the drivers of local species richness using probabilistic species pools. in Journal of Biogeography (2019). (early view)
Assessing predicted isolation effects from the general dynamic model of island biogeography with an eco-evolutionary model for plants. in Journal of Biogeography (2019).
A minimal model for the latitudinal diversity gradient suggests a dominant role for ecological limits. in The American Naturalist (2019). (early view)
2018 [ to top ]
Spatial scaling of extinction rates: theory and data reveal non-linearity, and a major upscaling and downscaling challenge. in Global Ecology and Biogeography (2018). 27 2-13.
Integrating community assembly and biodiversity reveals new dimensions of ecosystem functions: the Community Assembly and the Functioning of Ecosystems (CAFE) approach. in Ecology Letters (2018). 21 167–180.
2017 [ to top ]
Oceanic island biogeography through the lens of the general dynamic model: assessment and prospect. in Biological Reviews (2017). 92 830-853.
Mechanistic models in macroecology and biogeography: state-of-art and prospects. in Ecography (2017). 40(267-280)
Karyotype diversity and genome size variation in Neotropical Maxillariinae orchids. in Plant Biology (2017). 19 298-308.
Interactions between ecological, evolutionary, and environmental processes unveil complex dynamics of island biodiversity. in bioRxiv (2017). (099978)
Flagship umbrella species needed for conservation of overlooked biodiversity. in Conservation Biology (2017). 31 481-485.
Effects of time and isolation on plant diversity: testing island biogeography theory with an eco-evolutionary model. in bioRxiv (2017). (100289)
Biodiversity dynamics on islands: explicitly accounting for causality in mechanistic models. in Diversity (2017). 9(30)
2016 [ to top ]
Late Quaternary climate change shapes island biodiversity. in Nature (2016). 532(7597) 99--102.
Functional leaf traits of vascular epiphytes: vertical trends within the forest, intra- and interspecific trait variability, and taxonomic signals. in Functional Ecology (2016). 30 188-198.
Delineating probabilistic species pools in ecology and biogeography. in Global Ecology and Biogeography (2016). 25 489-501.
Benchmarking novel approaches for modelling species range dynamics. in Global Change Biology (2016). 22(8) 2651--2664.
2015 [ to top ]
Chromosomal evolution in Pleurothallidinae (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae) with emphasis on the genus Acianthera: chromosome numbers and heterochromatin. in Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society (2015). 178 102-120.
Branchfall as a demographic filter for epiphyte communities: Lessons from a forest floor-based sampling. in PloS one (2015). 10 e0128019.
2014 [ to top ]
Biogeographic, climatic and spatial drivers differentially affect α-, β- and γ-diversities on oceanic archipelagos. in Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences (2014). 281(1784)
2013 [ to top ]
Process, correlation and parameter fitting in species distribution models: a response to Kriticos et al. 2012. in Journal of Biogeography (2013). 40 611-613.
Impacts of past habitat loss and future climate change on the range dynamics of South African Proteaceae. in Diversity and Distributions (2013). 19(4) 363--376.
2012 [ to top ]
Linking ecological niche, community ecology and biogeography: insights from a mechanistic niche model. in Journal of Biogeography (2012). 39(12) 2212--2224.
How to understand species’ niches and range dynamics: a demographic research agenda for biogeography. in Journal of Biogeography (2012). 39(12) 2146--2162.
Correlation and process in species distribution models: bridging a dichotomy. in Journal of Biogeography (2012). 39(12) 2119--2131.
2011 [ to top ]
Effects of Harvesting Flowers from Shrubs on the Persistence and Abundance of Wild Shrub Populations at Multiple Spatial Extents. in Conservation Biology (2011). 25(1) 73--84.
2010 [ to top ]
The virtual ecologist approach: simulating data and observers. in Oikos (2010). 119(4) 622--635.
Keeping the Cape Lowland archipelago afloat. (2010). (Vol. Biodiversity in southern Africa. Volume 3: Implications for landuse and management) 151-179.
Estimating demographic models for the range dynamics of plant species. in Global Ecology and Biogeography (2010). 19(1) 85--97.
2008 [ to top ]
Molecular phylogeny of the neotropical genus Christensonella (Orchidaceae, Maxillariinae): species delimitations and insights into chromosome evolution. in Annals of Botany (2008). 102(491-507)
2006 [ to top ]
Heterochromatin diversity and its co-localization with 5S and 45S rDNA sites in chromosomes of four Maxillaria species (Orchidaceae). in Genetics and Molecular Biology (2006). 29 659 - 664.
Atlantic forest fragments in Pernambuco and Alagoas and theirs bromeliads: distribution, composition, richness and conservation. (2006). (Vol. Fragments of the Atlantic Forest of Northeast Brazil: Biodiversity, Conservation and the Bromeliads) 101-131.
2003 [ to top ]
Dieta de coruja murucututu (Pulsatrix perspicillata perspicillata Lathan, 1790) no Campus de UFRPE, Recife, PE. (2003). (Vol. Volume III) 273-274.