• Honeybees (partly marked) on the edge of a brood frame
Chair of Behavioral Physiology & Sociobiology

Gabel, Martin

Martin Gabel

PhD student
Zoology II / Scheiner lab
Universität Würzburg
Am Hubland
97074 Würzburg
Building: Biozentrum (B1)
Room: D109a
Link: Scheiner lab

Landesbetrieb Landwirtschaft Hessen, Bieneninstitut Kirchhain
Erlenstraße 9
35274 Kirchhain

Portrait of Martin Gabel

The Western honeybee (Apis mellifera) evolved several behavioral traits to defend its colonies against pests and pathogens. The Varroamite (Varroa destructor) represents one of the most important opponents among these counterparts. Since the host shift of the Varroamite from the Eastern honeybee (Apis cerana) to the Western honeybee, it is one of the most dangerous threats to both feral and managed bee colonies. In addition to the direct parasitization of adult bees and brood, V. destructor also acts as a vector for various bee viruses. The sum of all harmful effects which are caused by the Varroamite is called Varroosis.

The main focus of my research lies on the natural defence mechanisms of the Western honeybee against Varroa destructor. A detailed understanding of these behaviors, on both individual and colony scale, is crucial for practical approaches towards a sustainable treatment against the Varoosis. Hence, the inclusion of these resistance traits in beekeeping and breeding practise is of major importance for a long-term stable apiculture with minimum drug application.

  • Immediate and long-term effects of induced brood interruptions on the reproductive success of Varroa destructor.. Gabel, Martin; Scheiner, Ricarda; Büchler, Ralph. In Apidologie, 54(2), p. 20. 2023.
  • Heritability of Apis mellifera recapping behavior and suppressed mite reproduction as resistance traits towards Varroa destructor.. Gabel, Martin; Hoppe, Andreas; Scheiner, Ricarda; Obergfell, Jörg; Büchler, Ralph. In Frontiers in Insect Science, 3. Frontiers Media {SA}, 2023.
  • Comparing the Appetitive Learning Performance of Six European Honeybee Subspecies in a Common Apiary. Scheiner, Ricarda; Lim, Kayun; Meixner, Marina D.; Gabel, Martin S. In Insects, 12(9), p. 768. 2021.